White Spruce

Possibly the most common tree in Canada, found in every province and all territories. This speaks to the adaptability of White Spruce. Plant in full sun to part shade with enough room to express its Christmas tree (conical) shape. A medium-sized tree suitable for typical suburban yards, front or back.

No need to amend the soil, simply plant your spruce into the ground. Remove a ring of sod around the trunk about 60cm in diameter and lay down a layer of fine mulch (pine needles or shredded bark/ leaves).   Water well in the first two years.


White Pine

Ontario’s official tree is majestic in maturity. Its iconic form has been immortalized in Group of Seven paintings. Plant in full sun. White Pine can grow very tall. In fact, it’s the tallest tree in eastern North America. Choose the site with care, allowing space for growth. Though tall, its crown does not spread too widely in the manner of oaks or maples. White Pines are probably best suited for backyards since they are susceptible to road salt damage. Water well in the first two years especially during periods of drought.

Ponder that long after you’re gone, your White Pine could still be lending its beauty and majesty to the neighbourhood.



Cedars like lots of sun and until established, lots of water. After planting, it should be watered every evening for 2-4 weeks. Your cedar will green your property all year long and attract seed eating birds. While cedars are often used in hedging and can be trimmed to shape, it may grow to 25-40 feet tall. Its lifespan can be well beyond 100 years.